Bladder Cancer

bladder cancer

Bladder Cancer

  • Bladder cancer is a common malignancy affecting the urinary bladder. Risk factors include smoking and exposure to certain chemicals. Timely diagnosis and various treatment options are essential for managing this disease.

Causes

Bladder cancer can develop due to various factors, including:

1. Tobacco Use: Smoking tobacco is a significant risk factor for bladder cancer. Chemicals present in tobacco smoke can enter the bloodstream and accumulate in the urine, potentially damaging the lining of the bladder over time.

2. Exposure to Chemicals: Occupational exposure to certain chemicals, such as those used in the dye, rubber, leather, and textile industries, may increase the risk of bladder cancer. These chemicals can be absorbed through the skin or inhaled, eventually reaching the bladder and causing cellular damage.

3. Chronic Bladder Inflammation: Persistent urinary tract infections or chronic bladder inflammation can irritate the bladder lining, leading to cellular changes that may increase the risk of bladder cancer development.

4. Arsenic Exposure: In regions where drinking water contains high levels of arsenic, long-term exposure to this toxic substance may elevate the risk of bladder cancer.

5. Age and Gender: Bladder cancer is more common in older adults, with the risk increasing with age. Additionally, men are more likely than women to develop bladder cancer.

6. Genetic Factors: Some individuals may have genetic predispositions that make them more susceptible to bladder cancer. Certain genetic mutations or familial patterns may increase the risk of developing the disease.

7. Radiation Therapy: Previous radiation therapy to treat other cancers, such as pelvic radiation therapy for prostate cancer or cervical cancer, may slightly increase the risk of bladder cancer development later in life.

Understanding these risk factors can help individuals and healthcare professionals take preventive measures and implement early detection strategies for bladder cancer.

Signs & Symptoms

  1. Bladder cancer usually doesn’t have signs or symptoms in its early stages. With time, signs and symptoms may develop, including:

    • Blood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test
    • Frequent urination
    • Painful urination
    • Back pain

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Dr. Anil Kumar T